With changing lifestyle and the increasing loads of stress and anxiety within the population, the health of people is also changing. One prominent change that is now being reported frequently is the infertility of men or women. Some people of old and traditional beliefs think that infertility is a disease and hence is looked upon. However, according to biological science, it has been revealed that infertility in either of the sex is a condition that renders the individual incapable of producing sperm or egg which are not fit for fertilization. This incapability can sometimes be caused by dysfunctional reproductive organs and even when the woman’s body cannot provide proper conditions for the embryo implantation and the growth of the zygote. However in some cases, with medicines and therapies, this has been cured. The chances are low though, especially in cases where there is a deformity in the reproductive organ by birth.
There rose many controversies with this problem and hence doctors came up with two ideas which would give a childless couple the chance to experience the happiness of being parents. Adoption or Surrogacy. Adoption is completely a legal matter and does not involve medical sciences on an entire level. Here the intended parents adopt a child either after his birth or later on from birth parents or from the orphanage. In most cases, an orphanage is preferred. There is no genetic linkage between the adoptive parents and the adopted child.